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Summary of Muni’s Revised Transit Effectiveness Project Changes

5L-Fulton Limited to Ocean Beach

A 5L-Fulton LImited bus on Market & Stockton/4th Streets. This service will become permanent thanks to the recent approval of the TEP last Friday, and both the 5 and 5L will see trolleybuses at all times once improvements along Fulton and McAllister Streets are completed.

With San Francisco Municipal Transportation Authority approving the Transit Effectiveness Project last 28 March 2014, San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni) will now push through with the multitude of improvements that range from adding buses during peak periods to improving streetscapes on at least two locations to optimizing the transit network to allow quicker journeys for the over 700,000 riders who use Muni everyday. However, the plan also involves cancellation of one bus line and putting on hold a few others that would enhance the riding experience for passengers, particularly for those living and working in the Outer Mission, Potrero Hill, and Twin Peaks neighborhoods.

TEP’s Key Elements

The Transit Effectiveness Project aims to provide the following:

  • Policy framework, including the Rapid Network (which includes Muni Metro lines E, F, J, K, L, M, N, S, and T; Muni bus lines 5, 5L, 8X, 9, 9L, 14, 14L, 22, 28, 28L, 30, 38, 38L, 47, 49L, and 71L)
  • Service and route changes, including increased service by up to 12% and route restructuring to better reflect current travel patterns
  • Capital investments by improving reliability and travel time on key corridors by up to 20% through transit priority capital projects (also known as the Transit Time Reduction Proposals)

Service changes will also involve:

  • Enhancing neighborhood connections
  • Hiking frequency on popular routes
  • Reducing vehicle overcrowding
  • Modifying or discontinuing low-ridership routes or segments
  • Expanding limited stop services

Capital investments will also include:

  • Capital investments on 40 miles of San Francisco’s busiest routes to maximize benefits to the overall system
  • Reconfiguring certain streets to become Transit First and improve pedestrian safety
  • Moving more people by reinvesting in service

The Transit Priority Toolkit, as defined by Muni, involves the following:

  • Lane modifications
  • Traffic signal and stop sign changes
  • Transit stop changes
  • Parking and turn restrictions
  • Pedestrian improvements

The TEP service increases (not in base budget) will cost the following:

  • Fiscal Year 2015: 3% ($9.2 million)
  • Fiscal Year 2016: 10% ($35.5 million) – phased in
  • Remaining 2% will be considered in the next two-year budget cycle

The TEP Capital Program will cost the following:

  • Approximately $200 million in Capital Investment Projects (CIP) for TEP capital projects with project-level clearance in Environmental Impact Report (EIR), of which $150 million will be contingent on voter approval of GO bond
  • Approximately $300 million for full EIR scope

Fast Track Capital Projects

The following projects will be made in a quick, timely manner:

1. Two street improvements along the N-Judah line:

  • Irving Street between Arguello Blvd. and 9th Avenue: four transit bulbs, three pedestrian bulbs, stop changes, and new traffic signal — coordination with repaving planned in Spring 2015
  • Judah Street & 28th Avenue: two wheelchair-accessible platforms that will enhance customer safety and close the largest gap (over 1 mile) between accessible stops; will be coordinated with the Sunset Tunnel construction project in Summer 2014

2. 5-Fulton and 5L-Fulton Limited: 17 bus bulbs along Fulton Street (between 25th and 46th Avenues) and McAllister Street (at Divisadero and Fillmore Streets) — coordination with repaving planned in Summer 2014

3. 9-San Bruno and 9L-San Bruno Limited: Potrero Avenue streetscape project revised to reduce parking removed from 105 spaces to 60 while meeting project goals, in which the intersection of Potrero & 23rd will be redesigned to open northern crosswalk and improve intersection operations — coordination with repaving planned in Fall 2014

4. 14-Mission, 14L-Mission Limited, and 49-Van Ness/Mission: two bus bulbs will be installed at Mission Street and Silver Avenue to reduce dwell times, provide more space at crowded transit stops, and improve pedestrian safety — coordination with repaving planned in Spring 2014

5. 30-Stockton and 45-Union/Stockton

  • Sidewalk widening on Columbus Avenue between Powell and Union Streets in coordination with Central Subway-related construction in Spring 2014
  • Northbound transit bulb on Stockton Street & Columbus Avenue in coordination with repaving planned in Winter 2015

6. 71-Haight/Noriega: improvements will be made along Haight Street between Fillmore and Lyon Streets, with four transit bulbs at Fillmore and at Divisadero, and three pedestrian bulbs at Lyon and Baker/Buena Vista East — coordination with repaving planned in Summer 2014

Line-by-Line Change Descriptions


A 71-Haight/Noriega bus heading for the Transbay Terminal at Market & 4th/Stockton Streets. This line will be converted to become the 71L-Haight/Noriega Limited when improvements along Haight Street are completed. The 6-Parnassus will then provide local service along Haight Street.

San Francisco Muni bus ridership has reached a five-year high in Fiscal Year 2014, in which it has served nearly 500,000 riders every weekday (496,000), significantly higher than the 467,000 riders recorded in FY2013. With the increased ridership, the TEP aims to increase overall transit service by 12% while redesigning current routes to streamline travel and improve efficiency. Perhaps the most interesting proposal will be the expansion of Muni’s limited-stop services to operate daily and more consistently.

New Routes:

  • E-Embarcadero (between Fisherman’s Wharf and Caltrain/Ball Park)
  • 11-Downtown Corridor (between Van Ness & North Point and 24th Street/Mission BART via Columbus Avenue and Folsom Street; will replace most of current 12-Folsom/Pacific service)

Expanded Service Hours:

  • 2-Clement (short line, between Downtown and Presidio Avenue)
  • 10-Sansome (renamed from 10-Townsend, midday frequency improvements from 20 minutes to 12, up to every 6 minutes east of Van Ness Avenue)

Expanded Limited Stop Service:

  • 5L-Fulton Limited (to be converted from pilot service to permanent)
  • 14L-Mission Limted (expanded hours, all-day service to Daly City BART instead of just peak periods)
  • 28L-19th Avenue Limited (all-day, daily service instead of just weekday peak periods)
  • 38L-Geary Limited (service expansion to include Sundays)
  • 71L-Haight/Noriega Limited (all-day, daily service instead of just weekday peak periods, replacing local 71 service; limited stops to be made along Haight Street, 6-Parnassus will serve local stops)

Route Modifications:

  • 1BX-California ‘B’ Express (inbound service will continue on California Street, then south on Gough Street, then east on Bush Street instead of south on Fillmore Street then east on Bush)
  • 2-Clement (introduce short line service to operate between Market & Sansome Streets and Sutter Street & Presidio Avenue; introduce electric trolleybuses on short line route)
  • 8X-Bayshore Express (maintain service to Fisherman’s Wharf, but alternating inbound buses end at either Fisherman’s Wharf or Pacific & Kearny)
  • 10-Sansome (rerouted from Townsend Street to serve Mission Bay neighborhood and UCSF; outbound terminal moves to 25th & Potrero)
  • 17-Parkmerced (revised proposal to serve Daly City BART and Brotherhood Way en route to and from its new outbound terminal at Lakeshore Plaza at Sloat & Havenside instead of operating via John Daly Blvd. to serve Westlake Shopping Center. Also involves serving John Muir Drive and Herbst Road (inbound only) to replace 18-46th Avenue service)
  • 18-46th Avenue (revised route to operate via current 29-Sunset south of Sloat Boulevard en route to its outbound terminal at Stonestown Galleria instead of going via John Muir Drive — to be served by the 17)
  • 22-Fillmore (rerouted from its current outbound terminal at 3rd & 20th Streets to continue along 16th Street and head north on 3rd Street to serve the Mission Bay neighborhood; outbound terminal for the 33-Stanyan will be relocated to 3rd & 20th; midday frequency change from 10 to 7.5 minutes; proposed variants for added electric poles along 16th Street between Kansas and Third Streets include a temporary motor coach service between 16th Street/Mission BART and Mission Bay and either rerouting the 33 to serve 3rd & 20th or keeping the current alignment on this route, but alternating buses end on 16th & Kansas Streets)
  • 27-Bryant (originally to be rerouted to Folsom Street, now keep existing routing due to the 11 operating along Folsom Street)
  • 28-Nineteenth Avenue (originally to move its inbound terminal from Fort Mason to the Golden Gate Bridge during the day and to Van Ness & North Point when the 28L is not running, now keep existing routing, but moving the inbound terminal to Van Ness Avenue & North Point Street will still be done; midday frequency change from 10 to 9 minutes)
  • 28L-19th Avenue Limited (originally to operate all-day everyday between Geneva & Mission and Van Ness & North Point, now truncated to operate up to Park Presidio Blvd & California Street only inbound; will operate all day, every day from 6am to 8pm instead of weekdays from 7 to 9am and from 2 to 4pm, with midday service operating every 9 minutes, and will feature wider stop spacing than current service; introduce service to City College (Ocean Campus), Balboa Park BART, and Mission & Geneva)
  • 29-Sunset (rerouted from Geneva Avenue between Ocean and Mission and Mission Street between Geneva and Persia to serve Ocean Avenue directly to and from Persia Avenue; service along Fitzgerald Street to be discontinued, allowing two-way service on Gilman Avenue)
  • 33-Stanyan (move current outbound terminal from Potrero Avenue & 24th Street to Third & 20th Streets in collaboration with improvements to be made on the 22; reroute from Mission Street to Valencia Street to alleviate congestion along Mission and improve connections with the 22; frequency increase from 15 to 12 minutes to mitigate loss of the 22 in the Dogpatch neighborhood)
  • 35-Eureka (extend service to Glen Park BART from its current terminal on Bemis Street via Chenery and Diamond Streets; midday service will change from 30 to 20 minutes; route modified to also serve Hoffman Loop via Grandview Terrace; issue on Wilder Street remains to be addressed)
  • 43-Masonic (service in the Presidio to be extended to Presidio Transit Central for connections to PresidiGo buses; service along Lombard and Lyon Streets will be retained instead of using Halleck Street and Richardson Avenue; moving inbound terminal from Chestnut & Fillmore Streets to Fort Mason)
  • 47-Van Ness (inbound terminal to be truncated from Fisherman’s Wharf (at North Point & Powell Streets) to Van Ness Avenue & North Point Street; portion east of Van Ness & North Point to be served by the new 11 bus; instead of serving South Van Ness Avenue and 13th Street, route revised to operate via current alignment on 11th Street; reroutes to Division and Townsend Streets from Harrison and 5th Streets (inbound only) and Bryant and 4th Streets (outbound only) will be maintained from original proposal to address loss of service along Townsend from rerouting the 10-Sansome)
  • 48-Quintara/24th Street (service between the Great Highway and the Bayview District to be operated at all times, everyday instead of truncating service to West Portal Station midday and weekends; route simplification between Portola Drive and 24th Street via Clipper and Douglass Streets; service on the Hoffman Loop via Grandview Terrace will be transferred to the 35-Eureka)
  • 52-Excelsior (route extension to serve Naples Street and Geneva Avenue instead of Brazil Avenue and La Grande Avenue; outbound terminal moves from Persia Avenue & Prague Street to City College (Ocean Campus), with stop to be co-located with current 43-Masonic bus stop along Phelan Avenue north of Ocean)
  • 56-Rutland (instead of original proposal to cut back routing significantly to cover a smaller area, keep existing routing)
  • 76X-Marin Headlands Express (route segment south of Market Street to Caltrain Station will be disconinued; inbound terminal to be moved to Market & Sansome Streets at the current NX-Judah Express terminal; outbound service to be extended to Point Bonita Lighthouse via Field Road and Battery Alexander but outbound terminal will remain at Fort Cronkhite)

Route Extensions:

  • 14L-Mission Limited to Daly City BART
  • 16X-Noriega Express to Market & Spear Streets in the Financial District
  • 28-Nineteenth Avenue to Van Ness Avenue & North Point Street
  • 28L-19th Avenue Limited to Geneva Avenue & Mission Street via I-280
  • 48-Quintara/24th Street to the Great Highway & Quintara Street (all-day, daily)

On Hold (pending additional community outreach):

  • Restructuring the 19-Polk, 48-Quintara/24th Street, and proposed 58-24th Street east of Potrero Avenue
  • Rerouting the 19-Polk in the Tenderloin and Little Saigon neighborhoods
  • Eliminating segments of the 23-Monterey on Toland Street, Jerrold Avenue, and Phelps Street in the Produce District
  • Converting the 49-Van Ness/Mission into the 49L-Van Ness/Mission Limited
  • Route restructuring on the 54-Felton
  • Splitting the 91-Owl into 91A (between Caltrain and San Jose Avenue & Mission Street via Daly City BART) and 91B (between West Portal Station and Judah & 48th Avenue via Geneva Avenue, Third Street, Market Street, and Haight Street)


  • Bus stop additions on Bush & Van Ness (inbound only) and Pine & Van Ness (outbound only) for the 1AX, 1BX, 31AX, 31BX, 38AX, and 38BX peak period services
  • 12-Folsom/Pacific will be eliminated; entire route to be replaced by the 10-Sansome and 11-Downtown Connector

Frequency Increases:

  • Peak: 1 (pm), 2 (east of Presidio Avenue), 5/5L, 8X/8AX/8BX, 9/9L, 10, 14L/14X, 17, 21, 22 (am), 24, 28/28L, 29 (am), 30 (am), 30X, 31 (pm), 33, 35 (am), 37 (pm), 38/38L, 41, 43, 44, 47, 54, 71L, F (pm), J (am), K, L (am), M, N, T
  • Midday: 2, 5, 8X (south of Broadway), 10, 17, 22, 28/28L, 35, 38/38L, 52, 71L
  • Evening: 2 (east of Presidio Avenue), 8X (south of Broadway), 10, 14L, 17, 28, 29, 30, 38/38L, 44, 54, 71L

Frequency Decreases:

  • F-Market & Wharves (am peak only with introduction of the E-Embarcadero)
  • 2-Clement (west of Presidio Avenue during peak periods)
  • 3-Jackson (from 12 to 15 minutes; could be reduced from every 20 to 30 minutes midday)
  • 6-Parnassus (from 10 to 12 minutes)
  • 8X-Bayshore Express (midday north of Broadway)
  • 48-Quintara/24th Street (west of Diamond Street and east of Connecticut Street from every 11 (am) or 12 (pm) minutes to every 15 minutes peak periods pending introduction of new 58-24th Street line)

Not to be Pursued:

  • Rerouting the 27-Bryant to serve Folsom Street, Vallejo Street
  • 32-Roosevelt (a new line to replace northern portion of the current 37-Corbett between Church Street Muni Metro Station and Haight & Masonic)
  • Eliminating portions of the 36-Teresita (to Forest Knolls) and 56-Rutland (multiple portions)

The San Francisco Municipal Transportation Authority conducted a Title VI outreach to low-income and minority riders, as well as to people with limited English proficiency, and routes affecting minority and low-income populations modified based on stakeholder feedback. It then showed that more than half of all frequency and travel time benefits will be directed to minority and low-income routes.

While not legally required, the SFMTA also conducted a minority and low-income Equity Analysis of TEP Capital Projects, in which it showed that:

  • More than half of travel time improvements will be experienced by minority and low-income riders
  • Over half of the miles of capital improvements are focused on primarily minority neighborhoods
  • Stop spacing in minority and low-income neighborhoods is approximately the same as non-minority and non-low income neighborhoods under stop consolidation proposals

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